Project | grottoes in dunhuang grottoes wall paintings, from life, integrated art

2022-05-06 0 By

The paintings on the inner wall of Dunhuang grottoes are exquisite, rich in content and wide in subject matter.The buddhist niches, walls and roof of the grottoes are covered with colorful murals, which together with colored sculptures constitute a complete grotto art.In the past, I could not understand the content of dunhuang frescoes, only that most of them were stories related to Buddhism.After the exhibition, I learned that there are six main types of Dunhuang frescoes, namely, meridian painting, statue painting, story painting, Buddhist history painting, offering portrait and decorative pattern.The types of Dunhuang frescoes are as follows: The transformation painting which draws the story narrated in the Buddhist scriptures as a picture is called the transformation of The Buddhist Scriptures, abbreviated as “transformation” or “transformation of the Scriptures”. The pattern that specially depicts one paragraph or all of the content said is called the transformation painting.I do not understand the types of murals, such as the Buddha’s Top on the south wall of Cave 217 of Mogao Grottoes, which depict the stories told in the Buddhist scriptures as pictures, so I need to know something about the Buddhist scriptures.According to the investigation, there are 33 kinds of meridian changes in Dunhuang frescoes, which can be roughly divided into two categories: one is to unfold the story based on the activities of the main characters recorded in the sutra, mainly including nirvana Meridian changes, Vimalakirti Meridian changes, and Laudu forks dou Saint changes.There is another type, which is centered on the pure land world of Buddhism, such as the Maitreya Meridian, the Dharma Hua Meridian, the Infinite Life meridian, and the medicine man’s meridian, all belong to this type.Types of Dunhuang frescoes: Statue paintings Statue paintings are Buddhist images for worshippers to worship, mainly including buddhist as the main body of the statement, bodhisattvas, Buddha disciples, the heavens, the guardian god, etc..As a religious art, it is the main part of murals, can see a variety of expressions of buddhist images.In order to extensively attract the masses and vigorously publicize the Buddhist scriptures and Buddhism, it is necessary to instill the masses with abstract and profound buddhist classical historical traces in simple and vivid forms, so as to inspire them and make them believe in worship.As a result, a large number of story paintings were painted in the caves.This kind of painting can be seen in many popular stories.Story painting: This story tells the story of Sakyamuni Buddha who endured humiliation and sacrificed to save the world in the samsara of passing away.Buddha story painting: it tells the life story of Sakyamuni Buddha from birth, becoming a monk, realizing enlightenment, saying and nirvana.Karma story painting: it tells the story of Sakyamuni Buddha transforming all living beings with the theory of karma.The types of Dunhuang murals: Buddhist Scriptures Historical Paintings Buddhist scriptures historical paintings show the pictures drawn according to relevant historical figures and events, Buddhist holy places and supernatural events during the spread of Buddhism.Buddhist Scripture historical Paintings: Bodhisattva Buddhist Scripture historical paintings: Types of Frescoes in Dunhuang in the Western Regions during Zhang Qian’s mission: Portrait of a benefactor the portrait of a benefactor and his family as a Buddha worshiper painted in the cave.Among them, the contents such as the donor’s inscription, clothing and makeup, identity and family affiliation are precious historical materials.There are tens of thousands of portraits of donors in the Mogao Grottoes, more than 1,000 of which are still preserved with nominations and titles.The donors who left records were all real people with names and names, including monks and nuns, nobles, high officials and generals, painters and plastic craftsmen, Kings or princes in the Western Regions and so on.In the early days, the sacrificial figures occupied only a tiny space at the foot of the cave and were placed in close rows.The later offerings not only grew larger, even larger than life size, but also became clearer and more beautiful.Types of Dunhuang frescoes: Decorative patterns Decorative patterns in caves mainly include grotto architectural decoration (including caisson, flat chess, floor tiles, etc.), fresco decoration, statue clothing and Buddha backlight decoration.The decorative patterns vary with The Times, including flowers, lotus, branches and leaves, vines, fruits, flames, stars, clouds, lions and tigers, flying horses, dragons and phoeniths, and so on.Dunhuang frescoes have different aesthetic characteristics and artistic styles from secular paintings, originating from life and integrating art.The artistic expression of his paintings changes with the different times, reflecting the artistic style of each period, its inheritance and evolution, and the historical features of the integration of Chinese and Western art exchanges.Therefore, dunhuang grottoes are not only a treasure house of human art, but also a treasure house of historical documents.A cup of wine, a cup of tea, and a journey through the world.